Tourism And Culture In Plateau State
JOS NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Jos North local government is richly blessed with potentials in history, tourism and culture. It is strategically located by nature, at a high altitude, and has a favorably weather blessed with the scenic beauty that is equal to none in the country. Jos North has attracted a host of other nationalities – the people have lived peacefully among themselves and have earned the acronym the “heart beat of peace.”
Besides other tribes or ethnic groups home and abroad, the predominant tribes in the local government area are the Afizere, Anaguta, and Beroms.
ANAGUTA – ‘ANN’ is the prefix, which is used to form the plurals of all names in Iguta language. Uta – means Bow.
Therefore, “Anaguta” is derived from “uta” meaning (people of the bow)
FESTIVALS IN ANAGUTA
The Anaguta are mostly archers, and have “Agau” (Archery) as the famous Anaguta festival. No wonder the famous Naraguta war of 1873, which inflicted tremendous reversals on the jihadist from Bauchi.
This comes up mainly in April being the raining season. The festival is done preparation for the farming season. It is celebrated to seek the blessing of God for bumper harvest and blessing for the family. It is also a medium of cultural education and intergenerational communication and plays an important role in the preservation of the cultural heritage of the people.
“The festival of drums.”
Here, drums are played while men farm to boost their morale with the rhythms of drums, which gives them inspiration and takes their minds off the stress of work.
This is a festival for infant marriage agreement, where the families enter into an agreement and betroth their infant daughters. The grooms Family brings olive oil (Mai Atili) or any symbol culturally accepted to the girl’s family (the future brides family) as a token for their future bride.
“The leaf festival.”
Leaves for special dishes are gathered a day before the festivals cutting leaves on the day of the festival is not allowed.
The Anaguta men perform Isharuwa dance with musical instruments; flute, drums, and calabash guitars. Women also dance to the rhythm beautifully. The Isharuwa dance is performed to obtain favor from God for all seasons.
The traditional food of the Anaguta is mainly guinea corn, millet, cocoyam, Native yam, hungry rice (Acha) Ciliusbazo (Rigiza) sweet potatoes, and bambara nut.
The traditional dress of the Anaguta men is animal skin, while the women wear special leaves.
The Anaguta are peaceful, accommodating, and hand working.
THE AFIZERE PEOPLE OF JOS NORTH
The Afizere are Known for their peaceful and hospitable nature
I GOON IZERE
Celebrated every first day of January. This is done to gather all the sons and daughters of Izere land to thank and appreciate God for another year. It is a celebration of culture at its best. This festival serves as a means of assembly and unity. It is a time for cultural reflection and the people reminisce certain historic events in the history of their land.
It is celebrated when an elderly man dies in the community. This shows the culture of respect for the elderly.
This is elebrated when a elderly woman dies.
Celebration of adulthood carried out within the youthful age bracket. This is the celebration of circumcision.
This is a process of selecting, installing and crowing of a new king.
These festivals are celebrated each, in a specific period of the year for sustenance of culture and values, peace and unity development and progress, bumper harvest and fertility of the people.
There are lots of tourist sights to be explored in Jos North
- Gog and Magog hills (Gwafan district)
- Igbek Kusok Nyak (100 steps)
- Jos wild life park (Dong District)
- RibandAkaah (Monkeys holes Kabong District
- Shere hills (Nupis district)
- Lamingo Dam, Gwafan
- Kogiring Dam (old water Works Dam)
- Ata –ater (Dutse uku) Jos Jarawa distric
- Jos Jarawa hills
- Kuchi Jos-Izere (Rikkos district)
The Izere have delicious and nutritious dishes like the Icamitson (Tuwanacha) akareh – porridge, adom (yam) Asiriklcha, A Sirik Aroron, Rinam Apirit and Akara Refil.
The Afizere people have different cultural attires with five (5) symbolic Colors namely
- Green – agriculture
- Black – power/strength
- Yellow –entrepreneurship
- White – peace and love
- Cowry- money/financial stability
The Berom of the Jos– Plateau are among the estimated 50 various languages and dialects of the present plateau state of Nigeria. They are predominantly farmers.
THE BEROM FESTIVALS
The Berom have an important festival called “ Nzemberom” which is an annual cultural celebration of the traditional festivals of the Berom; a culmination of the traditional festivals of the Berom that were observed prior to the advent Nzem festival.
It is a festival with a wide display of the Berom heritage and unique features of the Berom such as their customs, musical instruments, dance arts and crafts folklore, cuisines, names, dressing, beauty, royalty and so on.
Mandieng, Buna, Nshok, Badu – Prior to the festival of Nzem Berom in 1981, Mandieng Buna, Nshok and Badu are some of the Berom festivals and rites celebrated in different communities and are still being celebrated by the Berom. These festivals and rites celebrate crop planting, harvest, hunting expeditions and the onset of the rains. They are celebrated in chronological order from village to village.
DRESSING AND COSTUMES
The Berom traditional attires play important role in festivals and ceremonies. The women/girls wear Tyet; a fan made from dry palm – fronds tied to the back of the waist. They also wear brass and copper bangles on the arms Iwelefwo (necklaces) of small red and green beads. Vabo Fwing (earrings) bokkenen bird feathers erevan (head band etc.) Men wear the dress in animal-hide, over the lions Gyem or male traditional bag (bongtyed) (traditional hat) etc.
Food is an indispensable part at any culture, and Berom is no exception. The Berom traditional cuisines are Tukchun, Tere, kpan, leng Ntrudyara, Bekyitreng, Bekyit Jay gwerikcun, e t c.
Berom people are accommodating, hardworking, and peaceful.
More Tourist sites in Jos North that have attracted a lot of tourists are the Polo field, Mado Tourist park, Prof Luka Bentu indoor theatre, New Jos Stadium (Under Construction), Jos Main Market (Burnt) Jos Museum, Hill Station Hotel etc.
The vast man power and natural resources, rich potentials in history and culture in Jos North when explored and kept in better shape will result in cultural exchange, better international relations and bring investment to the country’s tourism industry. This will further build the economy of the state and bring growth and development to the host community.
PANKSHIN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA
Plateau – the “Home of Peace and Tourism” is known all over the world for these unique features and Pankshin has the true semblance of the tourist nature of the state, given the fact that natural and man-made tourist center’s surround it.
The natural beautiful scenery –the rock formations, hills with unimaginable structure and other features worthy of discovery, make Pankshin a beauty.
Notable tourist centres in the area are Manung hills, Wulmi hills, Zungmenen (Dutse-fada) hills, Zuul Baal volcanic hill, Wangkang (Kadung), Cycad plant etc.
Pankshin local government area is a multi-Ethno linguistic group and each group has its own distinct language such as the Ngas, Mupun, Miship, Pain, Fyer, Tal, and Kadung.
There are quite a number of festivals in Pankshin. The people organize these festivals based on times, seasons and the needs of the moment.
Morgi Festivals: It is usually done once a year, around the months of February or early March with the aim of praying to the gods of land before the commencement of the planting season seeking for blessings for the crops to be planted and for bountiful harvest.
Moslum Festival: It is a beer festival of the dry season, mostly celebrated in April/May. It marks the beginning of ridging for planting of crops, which is celebrated as a rule before the first rain. It’s also a fertility festival aimed at stimulating productivity in men, animals and crops. It ensures that crops germinate properly on the farm.
Mostar Festivals: It’s the festival of the moon. It’s annually held in anticipation of the appearance of the new moon. It can also be referred to as the first fruit rituals usually celebrated around October- November.
Komting Festival: It is observed once in every ten years. It is a dance that marks the demonstration of magical power by males and also to seek help to protect the community.
Didang Festival: This is a special dance (performing arts) performed mainly by young people (male and female) in the evening after a hard day’s work.
Khung Dhal: A ceremonial dance marking the death of an elderly man of age seventy and above– expressing respect of the community to the departed elder.
Tipang Festival: This is a festival that is done with the belief that there is a mighty or supreme god and there are messengers who talk as mediators between man and the supreme god. It is usually done in the months of March and April.
Tikuyi Festival: It is a marriage festival commonly done around October/ November to celebrate the longevity of marriage. It is a time for husbands and wives and to prove their fame and wealth.
Ponda Wan: Is a seasonal event that is celebrated for the young children of a certain age. After birth, the community sets aside a date to celebrate all the young male children and to prepare them for adulthood in the society.
Naska Kadung: This is an annual event of arts and culture of the Kadung people where they display their cultural heritage. It is officially celebrated on last Saturday of every year.
TRADITIONAL DISHES IN PANKSHIN
As mentioned earlier in our preamble that Pankshin local government area is heterogeneous and so there are different Ethno- linguistic groups. Based on the above premise, there are different traditional foods and dishes. These differ from one Ethnic group to the other. Hence, it accounts for the large number of foods eaten in Pankshin. Though, there are similar foods eaten, there is always a little difference from tribe to another.
TAL TRADITIONAL DISHES
4 Gwom suwa khim romdut
Shendam Local Government Area was created in 1976, located 254km South of Jos, the Plateau State Capital. It has a landmass of about 2,437.15 square km with a population of 208,017 according to 2006 census projection.
The indigenous tribe of the Local Government is the Goemai with other settlers like Ngas, Montol, Mupun, Taroh, Mwaghavul, Kwalla, Fulani, Igbo and Yoruba among others.
The Goemai nation like other tribes has a national Association called Goemai Unity and Development Organisation (GUDO) with branches across the Local Government including the Goemai in Kwande, Namu, and Moeda in Qua’an-Pan Local Government Area.
It is a fact that since Independence, Communities in the country have tailored their social and cultural lives to satisfying the demand of their colonial masters, until early 80s when they realized after their sojourn that a society without a culture is as good as having no existence. It was on this realization that the Goemai Unity and Development Organisation (GUDO) was formed. In 1986, staged its first Bít Goemai (Goemai Day) National Festival of Arts and Culture, aimed at building Unity for Development among the Goemai nation and to promote, sustain and show case the rich cultural heritage of the Goemai tribe to the outside world.
The activities of this epoch making event usually features a cultural display of different cultural dances and masquerades and a variety of the local dishes of the Goemai nation.
The cultural dance include:
Kallangu: The Kallangu dance is one of the popular dances among the Goemai nation. It is always attended by large number of participants both men and women.
This dance is done in a revolving circle. Women usually dress in Goemai Cultural Attire (Adere) from the chest downward while men also tie Adere from their waist downward.
Swaal: Swaal is a popular dance group all over Goemai land. The Swaal masquerades are usually dressed in cult costume, but with no Traditional religious rites. Women participate in the dance with two bat (beet) in their hands, which could be held hard against each other to make loud sound to the beating of the drums. The Swaal masquerade usually tie metals round their legs to produce jiggling sounds while they dance.
The Swaal is also known as “Dashit Kya’an.”
Kwamteng: Kwamteng is an important institution among the Goemai nation. All initiated members participate in the Kwamteng dance. It is a cult; men who have been initiated perform it. They are dressed in Adere during this performance.
- Jap Kool: The Jap kool are a newly initiated group of young men who must have gone through vigorous training in the shrine for some days. After completion of all cultural procedures, they are later brought out to the chief and the public where they would be confirmed full members of Kwamteng group.
- Dabit Masquerade: The Dabit Masquerade is said to be the head of all masquerades in Goemai land including the Kumutol of Tehl in Mikang LGA. The Dabit Masquerade usually appears in public only during the death of the Lòng Goemai or installation of new Lòng Goemai. Dabit could also appear in public when there are unsettled issues between any of the Goemai masquerades and an individual or the community. The verdict of the Dabit in any case is the final. The Dabit is the supreme masquerade among all masquerades.
- Jap-Jan: The Jap-jan Masquerade is the most popular cultural dance group in Goemai nation. No cult or traditional religious rites attached. Jap-Jan can perform at any occasion when invited. It is the friendliest Masquerade dance group in Goemai tribe. During any auspicious occasion, the most cherished varieties of local dishes of the Goemai man is displayed and these include:
- Mwollam: (Amorah which is starch) which is usually prepared with Tomatoes, Tatase, Ridi (Beneseed or ground nuts, Maggi and salt, fish or meat. There is also backed amorah, which has the cheapest ingredients as groundnut, magi and salt.
- Soema (Risga) Dried Risga soaked in water for an hour, and boiled for 20 – 30 minutes, mixed with groundnut cake, (Kulikuli), some pepper, tomatoes, onions, and other seasoning.
The Goemai nation is also blessed with tourist attractions, which include the Jelbank Rock, Nroam lake, Shargang lake, and Dogon Ruwa at Jiban & Kuka.
Apart from the Bit Goemai National Festival of Arts and Culture, there are other cultural festivals organized in different communities of the Goemai nation.
- Bit Poll & Bit Ngwa, celebrated 1st January of every year.
- Bit Goeka – 27th December of every year.
- Bit Kalong and Bit Poeship – 26th December every year.
- Bit Ngootlong – 1st Saturday of November every year.
- Bit Ngootdu’ut – Easter period annually.
- Bit Nder – 30th December yearly.
JOS SOUTH LGA
Jos South Local Government was created on 1st October 1996 with its headquarters sited at Bukuru.
The local Government area is bounded to the North by Jos-North Local Government Area, to the East by Jos- East Local Government and to the South by Barkin Ladi, to the South West by Riyom Local Government while Bassa is on its North West.
Bukuru expressway serves as the main road linking States in the North East to Abuja, Lagos and other states of the Southern, Eastern parts of Nigeria. The indigenous ethnic groups of the local Government are the Beroms, but other tribes such as the Hausa, Igbo, Fulani, Yoruba and other Plateau ethnic groups settled in the area due to the Tin Mining activities.
Jos South Local Government Area has five districts namely Vwang, Kuru, Gyel, Zawan, and Du occupying a land area of 1037 square kilometers.
The physical and natural environment of Jos South Local Government provides a scenic beauty with the presence of volcanic rocks and mountains that attracts tourist from all parts of the world. This is added to some other tourist attractions such as the Wild Life Park, Rayfield Golf Club, Solomon Lar Amusement Park, Yakubu Gowon Dam Shen, Azi Nyako Youth Center, and Rayfield Resort which all offer a unique and memorable site for recreation for citizens and Tourists alike. The hospitality industry, which abounds in the Local Government, provides Tourist and business people a refreshing relaxation. Some of these are; Rock Land Motel, B & B Motel, Zawan Guest Inn all at Anguldi, Crest Hotel, HBC Resorts, Honney Guests Inn, Chindi Hotel, Mountains Green Hotel, Elim Suite and Hotel, and many others.
Other tourist attraction sites in Jos South are the traditional festivals usually celebrated herald the farming season such as:
The festival is usually celebrated in the month of April to usher in the farming season. This festival is highly respected in all districts and other Berom lands outside the local Government. Nobody starts farming before the celebration of Mandyeng. In recent times, the Mandyeng festival has graduated into Nzem Berom, which is the amalgamation of Mandyeng festival from all Berom districts at a central point.
Vwana festival is celebrated after the harvesting of all crops. It is a Mark of gratitude to God for a rich harvest.
As regard the mode of dressing, the Berom people of Jos South revere leather clothing (especially the skin leopard for warriors) with a bam boo leaf cap, particularly during festivities, but the common Western mode of dressing is a common sight.
- Azi Nyako Youth Center Dadin Kowa.
Azi Nyako youth Center is one of the recreational centers found in Jos South Local Government Area. It is located at Dadin Kowa. It provides both indoors and outdoors services to teeming youths, tourist and the general public. It also has a hall that is used for state events and rented out as well.
THE VWANG ROCK
The Vwang rock formation is a spectacular site for tourist. It maintains a constant temperature of coldness no matter the weather condition of the day. It is a sure tourist delight.
Jos South Local Government is a home for all and dripping with enormous potentials to support Tourism development not only in Plateau but Nigeria at large.
Puus Kaat festival of art and culture was orchestrated to bring together the hunting festivals organized at different district levels hence; it is regarded as the mother of all festivals in Mwaghavul land.
Mwaghavul people are the major indigenous ethnic group in Mangu Local Government Area. Their affairs are superintended by a Monarch – “the Mishkaham Mwaghavul”. The Mwaghavul Development Association (MDA) was formed to serve as an umbrella body and to strengthen the unity of Mwaghavul people and Puus Kaat festival was initiated by the Da John Mark Samchi led MDA National Executives as a major tool to achieve maximum unity among the people.
In 1987, the MDA leadership under Da. Chief Barr. Danjuma Maina celebrated the first Puus Kaat festival of art and culture in Mangu being the Local Government Headquarters. The main purpose of Puus Kaat is to bring together all Mwaghavul sons and daughters both at home and in the Diaspora as well as to preserve the Mwaghavul heritage.
Activities of the Puus Kaat celebration includes: Exhibition of Mwaghavul cultural artifacts, Horse racing, traditional lighting of fire, display of Masquerades, display of traditional cuisines, dance performances by different groups including other ethnic groups invited to perform, etc.
MIKANG LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA
Mikang Local Government Area has its headquarters in Tunkus. It has a total of 739k2 and a population of 97, 411 as reported in the 2006 census. The languages spoken in Mikang are Koenoem, Yuom, Tehl, Miryam, and Piapung.
Districts and villages under Mikang LGA:
- Garkawa District: Gingim, Jimakwi, Killa, Kongnati, Lahil, Longgkrom, Poensong, Rotha, Swoshal, Tudun Wada, and Yakoep.
- Koenoem District: Lifidi, Lun-Niyu (Lifin), Nwoop, Pangshot, Pangsot, and Zomo.
- Montol District: Baltep, Betkang, Dinmunapus, Katai, Kirgagan, Laham, Lalin, Met, Nanes, Ngaj, Pockot, Pocyuum, Swakan, Tak Doka, Talme, Tengnadung, and Tunkus.
- Piapung District: Gotlong, Koetes, Longbis, Pangjiem, Piaber, Piapung, Poetok, Tangguk, and Zamkoeop.
Kanam is a Local Government Area in Plateau State, Nigeria. Its headquarters is located in Dengi. It has an area of 2,600 km² and a population of 165,898 at the 2006 census. Languages Spoken in Kanam are Boghom, Jahr & Basharawa.
Lele-Wayo cultural dance by history was and is a masquerade performance of the kanam people. The masquerade performance is carried out when an elderly or prominent person in a family or community dies.
The masquerade dance performance is also done to correct some ills in the community. Lele-Wayo cultural dance is performed by Khinepai (Piam Dauni) axis of Kanam LGA comprising of Kinam, Dal, Mun, Gillong and Bunwur.
Major festivals that are held in Kanam LGA are Bogghom day and Jhar day, held between the months of January and February. Some Tourist sites includes: Gom-Gom forest located in Gumshir, Furyam Gidindutse located in Furyam and Bagyar Hill located in Bagyar in Kanam LGA.
Bokkos is home to very industrious people; it is endowed with both natural and man-made tourism sites. It has a great weather and climatic conditions next to none, with beautiful physical scenery, unique in its geographical composition.
Tourism, a product of the amalgamation of peace, beautiful sites, rich culture, food and uniqueness of the people is a realistic characteristic of Bokkos, which is an embodiment of these attributes. The Local Government Area, according to the 2006 census has a total population of 179,550 with three major Chiefdoms of Ron, Kulere, and Mushere with the Saf Ron on First Class status as President of its traditional institution. These three tribes have some similarities in the practice of their cultures, norms and values. There are eight districts and twenty wards. The Ron tribe which are found in Bokkos, Daffo, Manguna and Sha Districts predominantly speak the Ron language whereas the Mushere District hosts the Mushere people with the Mushere Language being spoken and those of Richa, Kamwai and Toff Districts speaking the Kulere Language.
Where the Mushere Chiefdom’s cultural festival of Puus Kang is celebrated around March, April and May of every year showcasing the rich Mushere culture, the Ron and Kulere people both do not have a central cultural festival rather each of the districts and communities commemorate their festivals to usher the farming season, some of which are Nahwai of Butura, Mudurat of Mbar, Toll of Daffo, Shagau of Managuna, Kungo of Tangur, and Bell of Forof etc. In Kulere Chiefdom the festival of Akandi Akir, Akandi Ador, and Kamma celebrated in Kamwai, Toff, and Richa respectively.
The people of Bokkos have passion and respect for “Bibal” a rich delicacy made from red beans, palm and coconut oil mixed with black bene seed. This delicacy is mostly cooked and eaten whenever there is a festival or during marriages, coronation ceremonies, and other social activities. Another delicacy common among the people is the “Bibal” of “Acha” where meat is cooked and spiced with palm oil and “ache” flour.
“Vwashmalum” is another delicacy the Ron Kulere culture ascribes value. It is a meal of acha and special soup mixed and prepared only when the water is cold using the bare hand. This soup is believed to have transformational impact to the growth and well being of the people and is responsible for their very high efficiency in agricultural production.
Recently the Nigerian Tourism Development Commission (NTDC) commemorated the 2019 world tourism day at Butura Gida, as deliberate means of showcasing to the world the presence of a mystical bridge made of stones across the rivers of Butura, which is believed to have been constructed by Chanadere, a warrior for noble purposes.
There is also the famous Sha waterfall at the boundary between Plateau and Nassarawa states, which apart from its scenic beauty has the potential of generating hydroelectricity. The mysterious rock formations at Sha and across other parts of the local government area are sites to behold which ancestors used in taking refuge from enemy attacks. Undulating hills and mountains adorn the Kulere axis of Bokkos with beautiful palm trees dotting across its landscape giving a first time visitor the impression of being in the Caribbeans.
Riyom Local Government Area often known as the gate way to the federal capital territory (Abuja) was created out of the former Barkin Ladi Local Government Area on the 1st October 1996, by the administration of the Late General Sani Abacha with the aim of bringing government closer to the people of the grassroots via the third tier of government.
Riyom Local Government is situated 36km South West of Jos South Local Government Area. It is bounded by Barkin Ladi Local Government Area on its South-Eastern border while Kaura and Sanga Local Government Areas of Kaduna State are found on its North Western and South Western borders.
LAND MASS AND POPULATION
Riyom Local Government Area covers a landmass of 768.75 square kilometers and has a population of 72,581 people (2006 National Population Census Figure).
For administrative conveniences, Riyom Local Government Area is divided into three districts namely: Ganaawuri, Riyom and Bachi districts. The Bachi and Riyom Districts are being headed by graded district heads while the Ganawuri chiefdom is being headed by a first class chief in person of Ata Yakubu Chai Mang.
TOURISM POTENTIALS FOUND IN RIYOM
Riyom Local Government Area is well known for its tourist attractions. These tourist sites include:
- The Riyom picturesque rock formation, which is located between Hoss and Riyom town, is a wonder of nature and a major tourist attraction.
- The Kahwang Basalt rock formation is one among the two in the world. The other which is located in Ireland has been fully developed into a tourist centre. The Kahwang Basalt rock is found between Bangai and Rim ward of Riyom Local Government Council. This Beautiful site is waiting to be developed.
- The Kwi Conical hill is another tourist attraction in Riyom and it is located at Kwi ward of the LGA.
- The Assop waterfall is another tourist site found in Riyom LGA. Assop falls is located in Sopp ward of Riyom LGA along Abuja-Jos road. The Plateau State Tourism Corporation has put this sight to use as a resort centre for over two decades now.
- The oracle cave (Chwack) is another tourist site found in Riyom LGA. The oracle cave is found in Bum ward of Ganawuri Chiefdom among many others found in the area.
- There is also the Vum; a bottomless pit.
CULTURAL FESTIVALS IN RIYOM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA
Riyom LGA is inhabited by three ethnic groups: Berom, Atten and Attakar. These ethnic groups have their cultural festivals, which existed since time immemorial.
The Berom ethnic group celebrates the Vwanna and Mandieng festivals.
Vwana in Berom culture signifies the beginning of the rainy season as such; it is celebrated in April every year.
Mandieng festival, which signifies the commencement of the harvest season, is celebrated in November every year. These two festivals are honoured by the Beroms from Riyom and Bachi districts respectively. The Atten and Attakar of Ganawuri chiefdom celebrates the following festivals:
- Wuru Dagarang: This festival signifies the migration of their ancestors from their former place of abode in a cave to a new place on land as a result of persistent tsetse fly infection. The festival is celebrated every 15th December.
- Richen: This festival is celebrated in respect of the first Acha harvest. This festival is usually celebrated in September every year.
- Nep; this signifies the harvest of new root crops such as yam, cocoyam among others.
Kanke Local Government Council was created in 1996, it has the approximate population of 120,000 people with a landmass of 1,000 sq. km. The LGA is made up of four districts namely: Ampang, Garram, Amper and Kabwir.
The LGA’s main tribe is Ngas with pickets of Taroh, Sayawa and Boggom at border areas.
Generally, Kanke LGA entirely is tourist site occupied by undulating plains, rocks, rock pedestals and zoogamous escapements yearning for exploitation.
MAJOR TOURIST SITES
- Kuwang District Palace in Ampang District
- Man and dog foot prints at kagar Ampang and Seri in Amper Districts
- Tom Tom Spring water in Garram District.
Pusdung: Mother of all festivals in Ngas Land.
Mostar: Festival of the moon, celebrated before planting of crops.
Moslun: Festival celebrated to mark the end of dry season.
Mosler: Festival to mark the beginning of new planting season.
Moswong: Festival of the masquerades, celebrated in August or September.
Other festivals include;
Arkem: Common among Amper people
Pangkim: Common among Ampang people
Bwirit: Common among Kabwir people
- Puk fori
- Puk lendeng
- Puk komtori
- Puk wap
- Ngwim ass
- Bwan, to mention but a few
- Sakiki fotat
LANGTANG NORTH LGA
The tarok people of Langtang North LGA have a rich cultural heritage. Some of the queues or events where the culture of the people is showcased include Ilum Ötarok.
Tarok’s also have some sub cultural celebration which includes Gbak day, Nimbar day, Gani Day, Bwarat day, Gazum day among others.
There are also some cultural activities performed by the traditionalist. They include;
- Nce Awap/Ibyari: This is an annual event performed by the traditionalist to venerate the skull of the past priest (ponzhinbin) and some forefathers.
- Nce Orim
- Nkampe shooting of the moon
LANGTANG SOUTH LGA
The most celebrated festival in Langtang-south LGA is known as “Ilum Oga Langtang-south”, commonly known as ” Resettlement Day”. The celebration predates the creation of Langtang-south itself. The celebration derived its origin far when the present area known as Langtang-south was created as a resettlement area for veterans of the Second World War in 1948. Historical sources have it that the resettled veterans normally used the annual celebration to unite themselves and preach cultural oneness. Normally, all tribes that domiciled within the area came around, adorned in their cultural attires and displayed their cultural heritage to the admiration of spectators. This norm has been sustained till date and is now celebrated every first Saturday in the month of March. The success recorded with this celebration has no doubt left inhabitants of the area to look forward to another celebration in the preceding year with nostalgia. The festival has significantly promoted unity and served as a rally point to forge the development of Langtang-south in its entirety. Apart from the annual celebrations, which is done centrally, other sub clans within the area also augment this celebrations, which are also done annually without their dates clashing. Some of these annual festivals are; illum ö zinni, Ilum Oga Bwarat, and illum Oga sa.
Bassa is a Local Government Area in the north of Plateau State, Nigeria, bordering Kaduna and Bauchi States. Its headquarters is in the town of Bassa at 9°56′00″N 8°44′00″E.
It has an area of 1,743 km² and a population of 186,859 at the 2006 census.
Languages spoken in Bassa are Irigwe, Amo, Rukuba, Buji, Chawe, Jere, Gusu, Kurama, Limoro, Tariya, Sanga, Janji, Duguza & Chokobo.
Bassa people are very rich in agriculture as a result, they are able to produce and prepare the following traditional foods; moimoi, Kpewe – This is prepared with Acha and beans, Tinni – It is cooked with Millet, Beni seed and beans as the major ingredients, Kambar – from sweet potatoes, gwote, Water yam etc.
Some Festivals in Bassa Local Government Area;
- Remeze – Buji
- Irigwe New Year Celebration
- Anchoncho, a hunting festival of the Bache (Rukuba) people
- Amo new-year celebration
General Ibrahim B. Babangida carved qua’an-Pan Local government out of Shendam local government on May 3rd 1989. They produce various kinds of food such as yams, maize, rice, Millet, palm oil, cassava, benniseed, soya beans, guinea corn, Sorghum, groundnut, Bambara nut, Mangoes, cashew, and Shea butter.
When it comes to tourism, Quaanpan local government can be best describe as a tourist delight. It has intimidating tourism potentials. These tourist attractions include the Famous Pandam Game Reserve and holiday resort and the Lardang underground enclavement. Apart from the long range of mountains that create natural Scenic beauty, there are still several unidentified tourist sites scattered all over the Local Government Area. The Lardang cave which is a traditional site known to be used in the past by indigenes of the area as a shelter from enemies in war times.
There are a lot of annual cultural festivals that take place in the Local Government Area, prominently among these festivals are Waptoer, Kwamteng, Kwa- Kwa, Maoup, Kogol, Koes, and Swoet in the month of March and April. The traditional attires worn are leaves, animal skin round the waist and head and also the Gare worn by both male and female.
BARKIN LADI LGA
Barkin Ladi (or Barakin Ladi) is a Local Government Area in Plateau State, Nigeria. Its headquarters is in the town of Barkin Ladi at 9°32′00″N 8°54′00″E.
It has an area of 1,032 km² and a population of 175,267 at the 2006 census. Plateau state Polytechnic is Located in this town. The postal code of the area is 932.
The traditional festivals usually celebrated to herald the farming season are:
The festival is usually celebrated in the month of April to usher in the farming season. This festival is highly respected in all districts and other Berom land outside the local Government. Nobody starts farming before the celebration of Mandyeng. In recent times, the Mandyeng festival has graduated into: Nzem Berom, which is the amalgamation of Mandyeng festival from all Berom districts at a central point.
Vwana festival is celebrated after the harvesting of all crops. It is a Mark of gratitude to God for a rich harvest.
As regards the mode of dressing, the Berom people of Barkin Ladi revere leather clothing (especially that of leopard for warriors) with a bam boo leaf cap, particularly during festivities, but the common Western mode of dressing is a common sight.
WASE LOCAL LGA
Wase is a town and Local Government Area (LGA) of Plateau State, Nigeria, situated some 216 km south east of Jos, the Plateau State capital. It shares its name with the nearby Wase River. The population of the LGA was 209,400 people as of 2016, with an area of 1750 km².
Languages spoken in Wase are Jukun and Taroh.
The region of Wase was founded around 1820 by a Fulani official in Bauchi, centered around the traditional walled town of the same name. At first, it served as a chiefdom ruled by the Jukun and was predominantly inhabited by the Basherawa, but it later became part of the British Royal Niger Company protectorate (later Northern Nigeria) following the arrival of British troops in 1898. Wase was a part of Plateau Province when it was established in 1926, and then Plateau State upon Nigerian Independence in 1960.
Around 321 hectares (790 acres) of land around Wase is conserved for wildlife development and serves as a bird sanctuary – local species include the Rossy White Pelican. The protected land includes Wase Rock, a massive dome-shaped rock of volcanic origin standing at 350m in height, making it visible from a distance of some 40km (25 miles).
The region is renowned for its mining activities due to a high concentration of lead, zinc, tin and other minerals. This has attracted considerable interest from Chinese investors who have constructed few local bridges and other infrastructure close to Wase’s mining sites, although these services have not always reached the local community.
JOS EAST LGA
Jos East is a Local Government Area in Plateau State, Nigeria. Its headquarters is in the town of Angware.
It has an area of 1,020 km² and a population of 85,602 at the 2006 census.
The language spoken in Jos-East is Afizere.
- Igœn Izere
Celebrated every first day of January. This is done to gather all the sons and daughters of Izere land to thank and appreciate God for another year. It is a celebration of culture at its best. This festival serves as a means of assembly and unity; a time for cultural reflection and reminiscing of certain historic events in of the land.
It is celebrated when an elderly man dies in the community. This shows the culture of respect for the elderly.
- INYAK ABUKOH
Celebrated when a elderly woman dies
Celebration of adulthood carried out within the youthful age bracket. This is the celebration of circumcision
- IYAH RIGWOM
This is a process of selecting, installing and crowing of a new king.
The festival is celebrated in a specific period of the year for sustenance of culture and values, peace and unity development and progress, bumper harvest and fertility of the people.